Jimmy Carter - Updated Jun 2024

Updated On June 3, 2024
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Jimmy Carter

Jimmy Carter is a well-known former American politician and philanthropist. Jimmy Carter was a member of the Democratic Party who served as the 39th president of the United States from 1977 to 1981.

Early Life and Childhood

Jimmy Carter was born on the 1st of October 1924, in Plains, Georgia, in the United States of America. According to his birth date, he is 98 years old and holds American nationality. His birth name is James Earl Carter Jr and he has a zodiac sign of Libra and practices Christianity religion. Moreover, he belongs to the English ethnicity.

Jimmy Carter

Caption: Jimmy Carter with his mother (Source: Compassion Global Health)

Talking about his parents, he is the son of James Earl Carter Sr (father) and Bessie Lillian (mother). Professionally, his father was a successful local businessman, who ran a general store and was an investor in farmland. Previously, his father served as a reserve second lieutenant in the U.S. Army Quartermaster Corps during World War I. Moreover, he grew up with his three siblings whose names are Gloria, Ruth, and Billy. Sadly, all three siblings died of pancreatic cancer.

Educational and Naval career

From 1937 to 1941, Jimmy attended Plains High School, graduating from the eleventh grade, since the school did not have a twelfth grade. Later, he began undergraduate coursework in engineering at Georgia Southwestern College in nearby Americus. In 1942, he moved to the Georgia Institute of Technology in Atlanta. Moreover, he received a Bachelor of Science degree from the United States Naval Academy in 1946.

He completed his graduation in nuclear physics at Union College. During his naval career, he lived in many parts of the United States and served around the world, including the Far East. He was promoted to lieutenant (senior grade), working under Admiral Hyman Rickover in the development of the nuclear submarine program. He resigned from his commission and returned to Plains after his father died in 1953.

Professional Career

Framing

Jimmy Carter started working his farm and ran a  small business of his father’s, selling fertilizer and farm supplies. Initially, the first year of his agribusiness did not turn out to be a success. He soon took classes and learned agriculture and accounting. Moreover, he did the manual labor while his wife Rosalynn kept the books. His business grew and became a profitable general-purpose seed and farm supply operation.

Politics

Soon after his return to Plains, he became involved in the community’s affairs. He was the first president of the Georgia Planning Association and the chairman of the county school board. Additionally, he was elected to the Georgia Senate in 1962. In 1966, he ran for governor for the first time.

He was elected Georgia’s 76th governor in 1971. During his tenure as governor, he was appointed to the Southern Regional Education Board, the Appalachian Regional Commission, the Coastal Plains Regional Action Planning Commission, and the Southern Growth Policies Board.

He became the Democratic National Committee campaign chairman for the 1974 congressional elections in the year 1973. On December 12, 1974, he announced his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination, and he won his party’s nomination on the first ballot at the 1976 Democratic National Convention. On November 2, 1976, he was elected President.

The 39th president of the United States

From the 20th of January 1977 to the 20th of January 1981, he served as the United States President. He pardoned all Vietnam War draft evaders on his second day as president. During his presidency, the United States Department of Energy and Education was established.

He also established a national energy policy that included conservation, price control, and the development of new technologies. Carter was a strong advocate for the Camp David Accords, the Panama Canal Treaties, and the second round of Strategic Arms Limitation Talks.

Jimmy Carter

Caption: Jimmy Carter as an American president (Source: NBC News)

He was also confronted with stagflation. The 1979-1981 Iran hostage crisis, the 1979 energy crisis, the Three Mile Island accident, the Nicaraguan Revolution, and the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan all marked the end of his presidency.

In response to the invasion, he ended détente, imposed a grain embargo on the Soviets, enunciated the Carter Doctrine, and led the boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics. Carter won the Democratic presidential nomination over United States Senator Ted Kennedy at the 1980 Democratic National Convention but lost the presidential election by a landslide to Republican nominee Ronald Reagan.

Post Presidency

He left office in 1981 as the only American president to serve a full term without appointing a justice to the United States Supreme Court. In 1982, he founded the Carter Center to promote and expand human rights, for which he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2002. He traveled extensively to conduct peace talks, monitor elections, and advance the eradication of infectious diseases.

He is a key figure in the nonprofit housing organization Habitat for Humanity and has written numerous books ranging from political memoirs to poetry, while continuing to comment on global affairs, including two books on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in which he criticized Israel’s treatment of Palestinians as apartheid.

Awards

Jimmy Carter

Caption: Jimmy Carter wins the Noel Peace Prize (Source: Nobel Prize)

Talking about his honors, Jimmy Carter received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1999 and the Nobel Peace Prize in 2002. Others include; “Freedom of the City of Newcastle upon Tyne, England” (1977),  “Silver Buffalo Award, Boy Scouts of America” (1978), “World Methodist Peace Award” (1985), “United Nations Human Rights Award” (1998), and many others.

Jimmy Carter – Net Worth 2023

According to Wikipedia, this former United States president’s net worth is around $9 million. He makes money through his book sales, as a former president, also makes money running his family’s peanut farm and business, which ultimately sold for a reported $1.5 million.

Relationship Status

On the 7th of July 1946, Jimmy Carter married Rosalynn Smith shortly after his graduation. Rosalynn is the friend of Jimmy’s sister Ruth. With the marriage, the couple has four kids whose names are John William (Jack), James III, Donnel, and Amy Lynn.

Jimmy Carter

Caption: Jimmy Carter with his wife (Source: NBC News)

Back in August 2015, Jimmy Carter underwent elective surgery to remove a small mass on his liver. Meanwhile, he was announced in the same month that he had been diagnosed with cancer that had metastasized. Moreover, he disclosed that melanoma had been found in his brain and liver. In December 2015, he announced that his medical scans no longer show any cancer.

Jimmy Carter – Body Measurements

Carter stands 5 feet 9 inches tall (175 cm) and weighs around 73 kg (161 lbs). Meanwhile, he has gray hair with a pair of blue eyes and his other body measurement is yet to be disclosed.

Social Media

On his official Facebook page, there are over 326k followers. Meanwhile, he is not active on Twitter and Instagram.